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WHAT IS CERVICAL CANCER? Cancer is a disease in whichcells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for thepartofthebodywhereitstarts, evenifitspreads to other body partslater. When cancer starts in thecervix, itiscalledcervicalcancer.Thecervix is the lower, narrow endofthe uterus. The cervix connectsthevagina (the birth canal) to theupperpart of the uterus. The uterus (orwomb) is where a baby growswhen a woman ispregnant. Cervical cancer is the easiestgynecologic cancer to preventwithregularscreeningtestsandfollow-up.Italsoishighlycurablewhenfound and treatedearly. WHO GETS CERVICAL CANCER? All women are at risk for cervical cancer. It occurs most often in women over age 30. Each year, approximately 12, 000 women in the United States get cervical cancer. The human papilla virus (HPV)is the main cause of cervical cancer.HPV is a common virus that ispassedfromonepersontoanotherduringsex.Atleasthalfofsexuallyactive people will have HPV at some point in their lives, but few women will get cervical cancer. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS? Early on, cervical cancer may not cause signs and symptoms. Advanced cervical cancer may cause bleeding or discharge from the vagina that is not normal for you, such as bleeding after sex.If you have any of these signs, see your doctor. They may because by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see your doctor. Are there tests that can prevent cervical cancer or find it early ? There are two tests that can either help prevent cervical cancer or find it early: The Pap test(or Papsmear)looks for pre cancers, cell changes, on the cervix that can be treated, so that cervical cancer is prevented.The Pap test also can find cervical cancer early, when treatment is most effective .The Pap test is recommended for women aged 21-65 years old. The Paptest only screens for cervical cancer .It does not screen for any other gynecologic cancer. The HPV test looks for HPV—the virus that can cause precancerous cell changes and cervical cancer. CERVICAL CANCER TREATMENT IN JALANDHAR
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