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Gynecology Gynecology diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a condition usually present in postmenopausal women with weakened pelvic muscles that cannot support the uterus or bladder properly. Other diseases treated are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases related to menopause which may require surgery. Surgical procedures Gynecology encompasses specific surgical procedures related to female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are: Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test. Best Gynecology doctor in jalandhar
STAGES OF BREAST CANCER No two breast cancers are same. These are staged from stage I to IV according to extent of spread of tumor.Stage I & II tumors are early breast cancers with high probability of disease being limited to breast. Stage III generally tumor is big or ulcerated with spread to armpit. Stage IV disease has spread to other organs of body and is beyond cure though life can be prolonged and quality of life can be improved. So, no two cancers are same, their treatment may be different and their chances of cure are different. Let us understand the ailment in more details : >Clinical breast examination >Methods of treating breast cancer >Protect yourself from breast cancer >Clinical breast examination Your yearly checkup should include a clinical breast examination preferably by cancer specialist. This is to ensure that cancer is detected early. Starting at age 20, you should have a clinical breast examination every 1 - 3 years. After age 40, have clinical breast examination yearly. If you are at increased risk of breast cancer, you may need more frequent examinations. RISK FACTORS OF BREAST CANCER :Age above 50 years or postmenopausal . :A family history of breast cancer. :Having had no pregnancies or a first pregnancy after age 30. :Obesity :Heavy alcohol use .
Ovarian Cysts The ovaries are the very important part of a female body. They are a in a pair in the female reproductive system and are located one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and are also the main source of the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. They influence the development of a woman's breasts, body shape, and body hair. They also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. A cyst is a fluid-filled sac, and can be located anywhere in the body. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. Different types of cysts can form in the ovary. Many cysts are completely normal. These are called functional cysts and these are very commonly found. They occur during egg formation. Functional cysts normally shrink over time, usually in few months. If you have a functional cyst, you may need a check-up once again in 1 to 2 months to make sure that the cyst has become smaller or has it completely resolved. These cysts are almost never associated with cancer. But if you are menopausal and are not having periods, you will not have functional cysts. The other types of cysts are chocolate cyst, Simple cyst, or dermoid cyst. Many women have ovarian cysts without having any symptoms. In some the cyst will cause these problems: Pressure, fullness, or pain in the abdomen Pain during sexual intercourse Painful menstrual periods and abnormal bleeding Nausea or vomiting To identify the type of cyst, the following tests are needed: 1. Pelvic ultrasound 2. CA 125 blood test- It is a tumour marker and is often elevated in ovarian cancer. The ovarian cysts can be treated in the following ways- 1. Wait and watch- The patient waits and gets re-examined in one to three months to see if the cyst has changed in size. This is a common treatment option for women who are in their childbearing years, have no symptoms, and have a simple cyst less than 5 cm size. 2. Surgery- If the cyst does not go away after few menstrual cycles, has become larger, or looks unusual on the ultrasound, causes pain, or the woman is postmenopausal, then there is a need to remove it. There are two surgical methods- Laparoscopy-if the cyst is small and looks non-cancerous on the ultrasound, CA-125 is normal then laparoscopy can be done. This procedure is done under general anaesthesia. Very small incisions of 0.5 to 1.0 cm are needed in this surgery. Open Surgery-if the cyst is solid and looks suspicious, then open surgery is needed. The incision in open surgery is quite big. Gynecologist in Jalandhar near bus stand list of gynaecologist doctors in jalandhar
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