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WHAT IS CANCER Our body has different types of cells which grow and multiply several times in a day to maintain normal function. Occasionally this cell division is affected and creates a wrong cell or an abnormal cell, these divide further in an uncontrolled way affecting the other parts of the body. These cells which divide abnormally are called cancers. These cells can locally infiltrate the adjacent organs or invade the blood and lymphatic system and cause spread or metastasis. Cancer can occur in almost all parts of the body and they are categorized mainly from the cell in which they begin. Cancer arising from epithelium or covering of an organ - CARCINOMA Cancer arising from connective or supportive cells (E.g.: bone, muscle, ) - SARCOMA Cancer arising from cells which produce blood(bone marrow) - LEUKAEMIA Cancer arising from cells of immune system - LYMPHOMA and MYELOMA Cancer arising from nervous system - ASTROCYTOMA, GLIOMA HOW DOES CANCER START By damage to DNA - the genetic material in the cell By interfering with cell division and other controlling mechanisms of the cell. Damage to DNA can be caused by certain hydrocarbons, chemicals which are present in tobacco for example, radiation or due to certain chemical action in our body when the built in protection mechanism fails in our body. Certain substances for example stimulate cell division causing damage to DNA and causing mutation. Any factor which leads to the above can produce cancer. Best Cancer Hospital in Jalandhar
Gynecologist Dr Ruchi Bhargava is a gynecologist medical doctor that specializes in women's reproductive systems. Separate doctors that specialize in treating women have existed for centuries, and these ancient specialists are the forefathers of today's gynecological doctors and researchers. Gynecologists are often at the forefront of debates over women's health and healthcare. While a general physician may be able to pinpoint and treat minor women's health issues, the expert opinions of gynecologists are absolutely necessary when it comes to certain aspects of women's health. Experienced gynecologist doctor in jalandhar Topmost gynecologist doctor in jalandhar
Oncologist Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor in Jalandhar Dr Rupinder Bhargava who treats cancer. Usually, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation. A medical oncologist in Jalandhar treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy. A surgical oncologist in Jalandhar removes the tumor and nearby tissue during an operation. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies. A radiation oncologist in Jalandhar treats cancer using radiation therapy. Other types of oncologists include the following: A gynecologic oncologist in Jalandhar treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine cancer and cervical cancer. A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers, such as certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. But they sometimes occur in adults. In these cases, an adult may decide to work with a pediatric oncologist. A hematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. The role of the oncologist An oncologist oversees a patient’s care from the cancer diagnosis throughout the course of the disease. The oncologist’s role includes the following: Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage to the patient Discussing all relevant treatment options and the oncologist’s recommendations Delivering high-quality, compassionate care Helping the patient manage cancer-related pain and other symptoms or treatment side effects A person with cancer is often treated by a team of oncologists who specialize in different areas of oncology. This approach is helpful because cancer treatment frequently involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Other medical professionals may also be involved in a patient’s care: Oncology doctor in Jalandhar
Colposcopy Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic procedure employed to examine an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix and the tissues of the vagina and vulva. The colposcope magnifies, or enlarges, the image of the outer portion of the cervix. The instrument, colposcope provides an enlarged view of the areas, helping the colposcopist to visually distinguish normal from abnormal tissue and take biopsies for further pathological examination. Conditions: Many premalignant lesions and malignant lesions can be detected with this examination. The main goal of colposcopy is to detect precancerous lesions early and treating them and thereby preventing cervical cancer. Colposcopic examination further investigates a cytological abnormality on the pap smears of patients. After a colposcopy decisions can be made about your ongoing treatment. Other indications for colposcopy are HIV infection, changes in normal appearance of cervix or for the forensic examination. It functions as a lighted binocular microscope to magnify the view of the cervix, vagina, and vulvar surface.Low power may be used to obtain a general impression of the surface architecture. Medium and high powers are used to evaluate the vagina and cervix. The higher powers give the idea of certain vascular patterns that may indicate the presence of more advanced pre-cancerous or cancerous lesions. Various light filters are available to highlight different aspects of the surface of the cervix. After a complete examination, the colposcopist determines the areas with the highest degree of visible abnormality and may obtain biopsies from these areas using a long biopsy instrument. Adequate follow-up is critical to the success of this procedure. Procedure: During the colposcopy, the gynecologist focuses on the areas of the cervix where light does not pass through. Abnormal cervical changes are seen as white areas, the whiter the area, the worse the cervical dysplasia. Abnormal vascular changes are also apparent through the colposcope. A tissue sample or biopsy is taken from the whitest abnormal areas and sent to the lab for further evaluation. A special instrument called a speculum is inserted into your vagina. This will hold the walls of your vagina slightly apart so that the cervix is visible. The colposcope does not go into your vagina, but is positioned between the legs to allow the doctor to examine the cervix. The colposcope is like a microscope with a light on the end, at the opening of the vagina and the doctor will then look through the colposcope to carefully examine the cervix. In this way, the doctor can see the location and pattern of any abnormal cells. The examination usually starts with a repeat Pap smear. The first smear is taken from the outside of the cervix using a spatula. The second is taken from the canal of the cervix using a special brush. After taking the Pap smear, the specialist will dab the cervix with very mild acetic acid (vinegar) solution. This will help to identify any abnormal cells. Complications: Significant complications from a colposcopy are not common, but may include bleeding, infection at the biopsy site or endometrium, and failure to identify the lesion. colposcopy in Jalandhar Gyne Doctor in Jalandhar
oncology The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation. A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy. A surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby tissue during an operation. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies. A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy. oncology hospital in jalandhar oncology treatment in jalandhar